Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes the airways to narrow, swell and produce more mucus than normal. Asthma is characterized by a wheezing cough and difficulty breathing. The main characteristic of asthma is inflammation of the airways, which leads to narrowing of the airways. Symptoms of asthma can vary from person to person, and while some people may not experience significant discomfort, others may experience asthma attacks that can disrupt daily activities and even be life-threatening.
Although asthma is not a condition that can be completely cured, some treatment methods can be used to improve and control symptoms. These can include medication, avoiding triggers, keeping up with doctor check-ups and making lifestyle changes to manage asthma. This condition can be diagnosed by physical examination, respiratory tests, blood tests and some imaging tests. Doctors can first identify symptoms and triggers and then develop an individualized treatment plan. Since asthma is a health problem that requires long-term treatment approaches, learning how to manage and live with asthma is important for improving quality of life.
What are the Common Symptoms of Asthma?
Asthma symptoms may not be the same for everyone, and the symptoms that occur may be of different severity or type. Some of the common symptoms of asthma are as follows:
Cough Coughing can be one of the most common symptoms experienced by people with asthma. Cough may occur especially at night and early in the morning. An asthma cough is usually dry and does not produce mucus.
Wheezing A common symptom of asthma is wheezing when breathing. In this condition, which is caused by narrowing of the airways, a whistling breathing sound may occur.
Shortness of breath In asthma, airflow can be reduced as a result of narrowing and inflammation of the bronchi. In this case, deep breathing may be difficult. For some people, shortness of breath is not bothersome, while for others it can cause respiratory distress.
Chest tightness and pain: Some serious problems, such as chest tightness and chest pain, can occur during asthma attacks. This can lead to chest tightness and a feeling of a burden on the chest.
The symptoms mentioned above may differ from person to person, depending on triggering factors or other conditions. However, if symptoms are more frequent and severe than usual, it is necessary to contact a health care provider.
What are the Types of Asthma?
Asthma can be classified into different types because it manifests differently in different people. The assessment of asthma symptoms and the formulation of a treatment plan may also depend on the type of asthma. The common types of asthma are as follows:
Allergic asthma Allergic asthma is a reaction of the airways to triggers. Some asthma triggers can be dust, pollen, pet dander, chemicals or bad weather.
Occupational asthma Occupational asthma is an allergy to substances in the work environment. Examples of people affected are hairdressers, carpenters, painters, welders or textile and agricultural workers. People in certain professions may have asthma symptoms only in the work environment.
Exercise-induced asthma: This type of asthma can be caused by breathing faster during a physical activity or sport. Symptoms start shortly after you start exercising and can last for about 10-15 minutes after you finish exercising.
Non-allergic asthma: Non-allergic asthma is asthma that is not caused by any allergen. In general, it can occur in very hot or very cold weather or in stressful situations.
Nocturnal asthma Nocturnal asthma is a condition of coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing that flares up at night during sleep. Nocturnal asthma can lead to sleep problems, worsening daytime asthma symptoms and reducing quality of life. This condition is one of the most serious types of asthma and can become life-threatening if left untreated.
Asthma comes in different types depending on different triggers and is monitored and treated accordingly. For more information about this condition and online health services, visit One Dose Health where you can get online doctor, online treatment.