What is Migraine?

What is Migraine?

Migraine is a type of headache characterized by recurrent attacks of pain on one side of the head.

What are the Symptoms of Migraine Disease?

Migraine headache usually starts as a dull pain and turns into a throbbing pain. The pain may increase during physical activity, move from one side of the head to the other, be in the front of the head or feel as if it affects the whole head. Untreated painful migraine attacks can last between four and seventy-two hours. Migraine symptoms may vary according to individual characteristics and the severity of the disease. Some of the symptoms of migraine disease are as follows:
  • Sensitivity to light, sound or smell,
  • Feeling of fatigue,
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mood changes,
  • Severe thirst,
  • Bloating in the stomach,
  • Constipation or diarrhea,
  • Black spots, wavy lines, flashes of light or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations),
  • Tingling or numbness on one side of the body,
  • A feeling of heaviness in the arms and legs,
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Pain in the muscles.
A migraine headache can last for about four hours, but severe pain can last for more than three days. Pain attacks in people with migraine can occur two to four days a month. Depending on the severity of the disease, some individuals may experience painful attacks once or twice a year, while severe headache attacks may recur every few days. migraine_what is it

What is the Treatment of Migraine Disease?

There is no definitive treatment for migraine yet. Treatment aims to alleviate symptoms and prevent severe attacks. If the causes of migraine that cause the pain are eliminated, the likelihood of attacks can be reduced. Here are some of the methods that can be used to alleviate symptoms:
  • Sleeping or resting with eyes closed in a quiet, dark room,
  • Put a cold cloth or ice pack on the forehead,
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration, especially if vomiting has occurred.
Applying such methods when migraine pain occurs can help to alleviate the pain and accompanying symptoms. Some of the other methods that can be applied in treatment are as follows:
  • Consuming substances containing caffeine can help relieve symptoms in the early stages of migraine.
  • In the treatment of migraine, medication can help relieve pain and symptoms. Drug therapy for migraine pain is divided into acute and preventive drug therapy. Acute medications can be taken as soon as symptoms appear to relieve pain and restore health. Preventive medication may involve taking daily medication to prevent future pain or reduce the severity of pain. In order for the medication to be effective and not to cause any side effects, it must be under the supervision of a doctor.
  • Some everyday practices can help prevent migraines or alleviate existing pain. Exercise, avoiding foods and beverages that trigger headaches, drinking enough fluids, eating a balanced and regular diet, stopping the use of certain medications that trigger migraine and sleeping regularly can help prevent migraine and alleviate existing pain.
Taking precautions for migraine triggers is very important in preventing migraine pain. Eliminating the factors that cause or increase pain is very effective in treatment. Migraine is a disease that causes severe headaches and needs effective treatment immediately. Frequent and severe migraine attacks may need preventive medication. Unconscious use of medicines may cause unwanted side effects. It is very important that the medication and other methods applied in migraine treatment are under the control of a doctor. If you want to learn more about migraine and access the right treatment practices, do not neglect to consult a health institution. One Dose Health with 24/7 accessible health applications online health counseling service. Online health counseling allows you to see a doctor online from your location without the need to go to the hospital. This can contribute to a healthy life by making online treatment possible.
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