The prostate, a gland found in men, is involved in creating semen. From the age of 50, the prostate gland may develop enlargement due to various reasons. Prostate enlargement, one of the most common problematic organs in the male body, is a health problem that should be kept under control. In some cases, it may be possible to observe enlargement due to the development of prostate cancer. After the examinations, it can be understood whether the prostate enlargement is benign or malignant. Prostate enlargement can be controlled with regular monitoring, medication or, in some cases, surgery.
What is Prostate?
While prostate enlargement is a common health problem, the answer to the question “what is prostate?” should be known first. The prostate is an organ of the male reproductive system involved in the formation of semen that allows sperm to move in the uterus. Located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland. Changes in the size of the prostate can occur as a man lives. Especially from the fifties onwards, the prostate should be examined by a urologist. If a change in the prostate is detected, the underlying cause of this change should be examined.
What is Prostate Enlargement?
An enlarged prostate, called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) when benign, is a health problem that becomes more common with age. With an enlarged prostate, it can block the flow of urine from the bladder and cause various symptoms. Without intervention, enlarged prostate, which can also cause bladder, urinary tract and kidney problems, can be treated with procedures such as medications, surgical interventions or the growth rate can be slowed down.
What are the Symptoms of Prostate Enlargement?
An enlarged prostate can produce a variety of symptoms. Symptoms may develop slowly and gradually increase in severity over time. Symptoms of prostate enlargement can be listed as follows.
Frequent need to urinate
Inability to empty the bladder completely
Poor urine flow
Needing to urinate more frequently at night
Trouble starting to urinate
Continued dripping after urination is finished
Increased development of urinary tract infections
“Where is prostate pain felt?” is a question that may be encountered in people with enlarged prostate. In some cases of enlarged prostate, pain and discomfort can be felt throughout the pelvic area. Symptoms of prostate enlargement and symptoms of prostate cancer may be similar. Patients are strongly advised to consult a urology unit in case of any symptoms.
When Does the Prostate Start to Grow?
The prostate gland can start to grow from the age of 40. However, an enlarged prostate to the point of intervention is a health condition that is usually encountered in men from their 50s onwards.
How Is Prostate Enlargement Treated?
Prostate treatment varies depending on the patient’s age, general health, prostate size and what symptoms the prostate size causes. If the size of the prostate does not cause serious symptoms, the first intervention is lifestyle changes. Patients may be advised to do exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. Prostate massage can be applied as indicated by the doctor. The amount of fluid consumed before going out or going to bed can be reduced. People can support prostate health by consuming less caffeine and alcohol.
If the size of the prostate is mild to moderate, medication supplements can be used. Prostate size can be controlled with these medicines that help shrink the prostate.
Prostate surgery is considered in cases where medication does not work and the prostate continues to grow. Within the scope of prostate cancer treatment, surgical interventions aim to remove a certain part or all of the prostate. These procedures are usually performed under the heading of minimally invasive. Thanks to the probe and special surgical tools, operations can be performed effortlessly without a large incision.
What is Good for Prostate Disease?
It is recommended that individuals with prostate disease eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly and have a quality sleep pattern. These vital factors that improve health in general can also positively affect prostate health. A diet plan that includes lean protein sources, fresh vegetables and fruits, and as much fiber as needed can positively affect both the immune system and prostate health. In particular, studies have found that foods such as tomatoes, broccoli, legumes, pomegranate juice and fish are extra good for prostate health. Adding these foods to a diet that includes a variety of foods may be good for prostate health.
Herbal supplements can also be used to prevent prostate inflammation and accompanying symptoms. The prostate can be cured or the symptoms can be reduced with herbal treatment. This is where green tea comes in. Green tea consumed daily or green tea extract taken in capsule form is thought to have an effect that can cure prostate disease. However, a doctor should be consulted before using such herbal supplements.