Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin caused by prolonged exposure to sunlight or other sources that emit ultraviolet light. It occurs in the area of direct contact with the rays and is a temporary condition. The duration of exposure can increase the severity of the burn. While mild burns may cause simple symptoms such as redness and tenderness, severe burns may cause blisters. Especially individuals with fair skin color, children and the elderly are more susceptible to sunburnand severe burns can occur.
Although the symptoms of sunburn vary according to the individual, they can be listed as follows; redness, tenderness, pain in the area, general body pain and weakness are among the common symptoms. Many factors can affect the severity of the burn and increase the symptoms. First-degree sunburn is a mild burn that occurs after a short exposure to UV rays. It usually leaves no scar and heals much more easily than other burns. In this type of burn, only the epidermis, the top layer of the skin, is damaged. Second Degree Sunburn is a type of burn in which the dermis layer is damaged along with the epidermis. The burned area blisters and pain is felt. Severe pain occurs in third degree sunburn. The skin crusts and the skin peels off. It may take longer to heal than other burns. The causes of sunburn can be listed as exposure to sun and UV rays. The risk of burns increases on very hot days when the sun is at right angles. There is also a risk of burns on cloudy days. Objects in the environment reflect sunlight and can cause the rays to reach the skin, causing burns. The sun’s rays are not the only cause of sunburn. Tanning beds and other devices that produce UV (ultraviolet) rays can also cause sunburn. Such devices should not be used unless necessary and a physician should be consulted.
What is Sunstroke?
Sunstroke is an acute illness caused by the sun’s rays and high heat. Under the influence of the sun and heat, the body starts to lose water and as a result, some symptoms appear in the individual. In some cases, drinking enough water and soda will be enough; in some cases, emergency medical intervention may be required. Loss of water and minerals can cause damage to internal organs. In such cases, it is extremely important to contact the nearest health facility.
In addition to direct exposure to the sun, sunstroke can also occur as a result of exercising in very hot weather. For this reason, intense exercise should be avoided in very hot weather and plenty of water should be consumed. In order to maintain the heat balance of the body, thick and tight clothing should be avoided and care should be taken not to go out in the sun between 10.00-16.00 hours when the rays come at right angles. Especially in cases where babies and children are exposed to the sun for a long time, it is necessary to consult a physician and apply the necessary treatment as soon as possible. Otherwise, dehydration can lead to very serious symptoms.
What are the Symptoms of Sunstroke?
stiff neck and shoulders
Pain in the muscles
Hot flashes and sweating
Nausea or vomiting
Throbbing in the neck and head
What is Sunburn Treatment?
The most effective method to prevent sunburn is to use SPF30+ sunscreen and avoid going out in the sun at certain times. When sunburn occurs, ointments can be used to treat the burn and inflammation in the area. A cold compress can be applied to reduce pain and redness. The most important thing to consider when applying cold compresses is not to apply ice directly. Ice applied directly to the skin can worsen the condition of the burn. Creams containing St. John’s wort oil or alpha hydroxy acid are effective to prevent severe burns from leaving scars. Water consumption should also be increased when burns occur. If enough water is consumed, the water lost by the body is replaced and the healing of the burn is accelerated. During treatment, it is extremely important to avoid re-exposure to the sun and to keep the skin moisturized. For more detailed information about sunburn, you can consult ourexpert online doctors, online treatment you can get it.