Type 1 Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatment and Lifestyle
Type 1 Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatment and Lifestyle Diseases are among the factors that negatively affect our quality of life. Diabetes, also popularly known as diabetes, is divided into four groups according to the factors that cause the disease: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and diabetes due to special causes. Type 1 diabetes, one of the types of the disease, is a chronic disease that affects human life. What is Type 1 diabetes and how does it develop? If you are curious about the answer to the question, you can read the rest of the article.

What is Type 1 Diabetes and How does it occur?

Type 1 diabetes, which is mostly seen in children, has increased in recent years. What is Type 1 diabetes and how does it occur? and it raises the question. Beta cells in the pancreas are responsible for insulin production in the body. Blood sugar cannot be regulated when insulin is not produced as a result of damage to beta cells or when the body’s insulin utilization mechanism is impaired. This results in Type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes appear suddenly. Some symptoms that do not occur in routine life and appear suddenly are important signs of Type 1 diabetes. These symptoms are as follows:
  • Needing more water than we normally consume and feeling more thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Onset of nighttime bedwetting in children
  • Feeling hungry despite eating regularly
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling irritable and experiencing sudden mood swings
  • Feeling tired and sluggish
  • Beginning to see blurred
Symptoms are important but not sufficient to diagnose the disease. In order to make a definitive diagnosis of the disease, some tests are required. These tests are as follows:
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test: This blood test shows the average blood glucose level over the last 2 to 3 months. A blood glucose level higher than the normal value (HbA1C level between 4.7% and 5.6%) indicates the presence of diabetes.
  • Random blood glucose test: Random blood glucose is the measurement of blood glucose at any time, regardless of fasting or satiety. Blood glucose values are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). A blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher at any time is suggestive of diabetes.
  • Fasting blood glucose test: Fasting blood glucose, taken 8-10 hours after eating, helps diagnose diabetes. A fasting blood glucose level below 100 mg/dL is considered normal. A fasting blood glucose level between 100 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL is considered prediabetes (pre-diabetes). If blood sugar is between these values, regular blood glucose tests should be performed. A fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dL or higher in separate bee tests indicates the presence of diabetes.

Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes and Insulin Use

The main goal in the treatment of type 1 diabetes is to prevent complications that may occur due to the disease so that the individual can continue his/her routine life. For this, blood glucose levels are kept as close to normal as possible. In general, a blood glucose level of 80 to 130 mg/dL (4.44 to 7.2 mmol/L) before daytime meals is expected to be lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) two hours after a meal. Various methods are used to control type 1 diabetes. These methods are as follows:
  • Regular insulin use
  • Regular blood sugar control
  • Maintaining a healthy weight by creating an adequate and balanced nutrition plan
  • Establishing an exercise regimen
Managing type 1 diabetes is important for living a healthy life. The measures to be taken help to keep Type 1 diabetes under control.

Type 1 Diabetes and Healthy Lifestyle

It is very important to have healthy living habits in the treatment of diseases. Type 1 diabetes is a disease that can be controlled with lifestyle changes. Paying attention to a balanced and regular diet, avoiding packaged food consumption, exercising regularly and taking care not to gain weight are very effective in managing type 1 diabetes. Busy living conditions may cause routine hospital check-ups to be missed. Today, with the developing technology, it has become possible to receive 24/7 remote health services, to receive online doctor services and to make online health interviews. If you want to get information about diabetes, you can get information about the disease and support you to protect your health by making an online physician interview without disrupting your routine life.
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